中国经济与社会发展统计数据库

年鉴中文名:  中国人口和就业统计年鉴
       CHINA POPULATION & EMPLOYMENT STATISTICS YEARBOOK
主编单位:  国家统计局人口和就业统计司
出版者:中国统计出版社
语种:  中文;英文
ISBN: 978-7-5037-8083-7
曾用名称:中国人口统计年鉴;

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《中国人口和就业统计年鉴》(CHINA POPULATION & EMPLOYMENT STATISTICS YEARBOOK)

内容简介
      一、《中国人口和就业统计年鉴——2016》是一部以全面反映我国人口和就业状况为主的资料性年刊,收集了全国和各省、自治区、直辖市人口就业统计的主要数据,同时附录了世界部分国家和地区的相关数据。
二、本年鉴由国家统计局人口和就业统计司负责编辑整理,并得到公安部治安管理局、国家卫生和计划生育委员会规划与信息司等单位的大力支持和协助。
三、本年鉴内容分为八部分:(一)综合数据;(二)2015年全国1%人口抽样调查数据;(三)2015年劳动力抽样调查主要数据;(四)2015年城镇单位就业人员统计数据;(五)2015年全国户籍统计人口数据;(六)2015年全国计划生育统计人口数据;(七)世界部分国家及地区人口和就业统计数据;(八)2015年全国1%人口抽样调查制度和2015年劳动力调查制度说明及主要统计指标解释。
四、2015年全国1%人口抽样调查时点为2015年11月1日零时。该调查以全国为总体,以各地级市(地区、盟、州)为子总体,采取分层、二阶段、概率比例、整群抽样方法,在全国31个省、自治区、直辖市抽取了2977个县(市、区)、33671个乡(镇、街道)、85365个村(居)委会的89147个调查小区中的2131万人。经加权后汇总,2015年全国人口出生率为12.07‰,死亡率为7.11‰,自然增长率为4.96‰。按此推算,2015年末全国总人口为137462万人,出生人口为1655万人,死亡人口为975万人,净增人口为680万人。本年鉴第二部分除表2-1、表2-2外,其余各表中的绝对数为样本数,全国抽样比为1.55%。
五、本年鉴中收集的2015年全国1%人口抽样调查数据(第二部分)和2015年全国户籍统计人口数据(第五部分),统计方法和口径不同,请用户在使用时加以注意。
六、本年鉴涉及的全国性统计数据,均未包括香港、澳门特别行政区和台湾省数据。
七、符号使用说明:
年鉴各表中的“空格”表示该项统计指标数据不足本表最小单位数、数据不详或无该项数据;“#”表示其中的主要项。
八、本年鉴在资料的整理和编排方面难免存在不足和疏误,敬请用户指正。
Ⅰ.China Population and Employment Statistics Yearbook 2016 is an annual statisticalpublication,which contains data on basic condition of population and employment in 2015 as well asfor the previous years for the whole nation and 31 provinces,autonomous regions and municipalitiesdirectly under the Central Government.It also includes the relevant data of some other countries andterritories in the world.
Ⅱ.The yearbook is compiled by the Department of Population and Employment Statistics of theNational Bureau of Statistics of China,and assisted by the Public Order Bureau of the Ministry ofPublic Security and the Department of Planning and Information of the National Health and FamilyPlanning Commission of China.
Ⅲ.The yearbook contains the following eight chapters:1.General Survey;2.Data from 1%Population Sample Survey in 2015;3.Main Data from Labor Force Survey in 2015;4.Data fromStatistics on Employment in Urban Units in 2015;5.Data from Household Registration in 2015;6.Data from Family Planning Statistics in 2015;7.Population and Employment Data of SelectedCountries and Territories of the World;8.Explanatory Notes on Main Statistical Indicators.
Ⅳ.The reference time of 1%Population Sample Survey was at zero hour on November 1 in2015.The sample survey adopted two-stage systematic PPES cluster sampling scheme,taking thewhole nation as the population and each prefecture-level city(prefecture or autonomous prefecture)as sub-population.A total of 21.31 million people were selected from 89147 survey districts in 85365neighborhood committees(or village committees)in 33671 townships(towns or street committees)in 2977 counties(cities or districts)of the 31 provinces,autonomous regions and municipalities.Theweighted estimation procedure suggested that the birth rate was 12.07 per thousand,the death ratewas 7.11 per thousand and the natural growth rate was 4.96 per thousand for China in 2015.Basedon these rates,it was further estimated that China had a total population of 1374.62 million at the endof 2015,with 16.55 million births,9.75 million deaths and a net increase of 6.80 million peopleduring the year.Except table 2-1 and table 2-2,the rest of tabulations in Chapter Two were sampledata.The sampling fraction for the nation was 1.55 percent.
V.The population data of Chapter Two in the yearbook are from 1%Population Sample Surveyin 2015,and those of Chapter Five are from the household registration,which use differentdefinitions and data collection methods.Users should notice that the data under the same or similarheading in these two chapters may be different.
VI.The national data in the yearbook do not include that of Hong Kong Special AdministrativeRegion,Macao Special Administrative Region and Taiwan Province.
VII.Notations used in the yearbook:
(blank space) indicates that the figure is not large enough to be measured with the smallest unitin the table,or data are unknown or are not available;“#”indicates a major breakdown of the total.
VIII.We welcome comments and suggestions from users with regard to deficiencies andmistakes in data editing and compilation.