中国经济与社会发展统计数据库

年鉴中文名:  北京统计年鉴
       BEI JING STATISTICAL YEARBOOK
主编单位:  北京市统计局;国家统计局北京调查总队
出版者:中国统计出版社
语种:  中文;英文
ISBN: 978-7-5037-8584-9
曾用名称:北京社会经济统计年鉴;北京市社会经济统计年鉴;北京市统计年鉴;

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《北京统计年鉴》(BEI JING STATISTICAL YEARBOOK)

内容简介
      《北京统计年鉴》是一部按年连续出版的大型统计资料。本年鉴通过大量的统计数据,真实地记录了北京市一年来经济社会发展变化情况,是国内外各界人士了解北京、认识北京的重要资料工具书。
一、关于框架结构
(一)总体结构
《北京统计年鉴》整体框架基本保持稳定,彩页内容以图文并茂的形式反映了本地区经济社会发展主要趋势和变化;统计表是年鉴的主体内容,主要包括综合,国民经济核算,人口与就业,价格指数,人民生活,财政与税收,能源、资源和环境,城市公用事业,全社会固定资产投资和房地产开发,对外经济贸易,农业及农村经济,工业,建筑业,第三产业,交通运输邮电业,批发和零售业、住宿和餐饮业,旅游业,金融业,科技,教育,卫生及社会服务,文化和体育,公共管理、社会保障和社会组织,开发区等24个章节,从多领域、多行业客观反映北京市经济和社会发展情况。
(二)章节结构
章节内结构:每一章节由简要说明、统计表和主要统计指标解释三部分组成。简要说明在每一章节首页,主要介绍该章节的主要内容、资料来源、统计范围、指标口径和历史数据调整方法;主要统计指标解释在每章节页尾,主要对本章节内所涉及的主要指标、计算方法等做简要解释;统计表是各章节的核心内容。
统计表排列:每一章节注重从反映该领域主要情况出发编排统计表内容。统计表的排列顺序一般先是主要指标历史数据表,后为当年数据表。
二、关于使用方法
(一)年份
按照惯例,书名中标注的年份为出版年份,年鉴中统计表内最新数据为上一年数据。例如,书名为《北京统计年鉴2018》表示此本年鉴为2018年出版,年鉴中最新数据年份截至2017年。
统计表名中的“年份”主要有三种标识方法,分别代表三种含义:一是“表格名称(年-年)”表示表内所列数据是包含了这两个年份之间的各年资料;二是统计表名中未显示年份,表示表内所列数据为当年和上年两年数据;三是“表格名称(年)”表示表内所列数据仅为某一年资料。
(二)符号
统计表中常见符号如下:
#:表示总计中的其中项;有“#”号的分组指标表示总计的部分项目,无“#”号的分组指标则表示其中项之和等于总计。
‖:宾栏中的“‖”为分组符号,代表某个指标存在几种分组数据。
…:表示该数据不足该表最小计量单位数。
空格:表示该项指标数据不详或没有数据。
***:表示为使个体数据得以保密,该数据不予公布。
(三)文字说明
文字说明包括使用指南、目录、简要说明、指标解释和表下注解。使用指南在目录之前,是对年鉴整体框架进行介绍,对主要调整内容进行说明;简要说明在每一章节首页,主要介绍该章节的主要内容、资料来源、统计范围、指标口径和历史数据调整方法等;统计表下的注释则是对部分统计指标口径、方法、范围等内容的说明。
(四)数据
一般情况下,每一章节均包含历史数据表和当年数据表两部分,前面几张为该专业或该领域核心指标历史数据表,其后为当年详细分组数据表。历史数据表中的历史数据一般可以连续使用,部分历史数据有调整的,应以最新出版的年鉴为准,使用时需留意简要说明、表下注释中对其方法制度、口径范围等变化情况的说明。当年数据表中的分组数据主要反映该专业或该领域本年度数据情况以及与上年数据情况的比较,相应指标的口径范围、计算方法以及与上年度数据变化较大的会在表下注释中进行说明。
(五)电子光盘
《北京统计年鉴》配有电子光盘,包括中文和英文两种语言的版本,辅助用户对数据进行加工处理。
(六)本年鉴中部分数据合计数或相对数由于计量单位取舍不同而产生的计算误差,均未作机械调整。
三、关于2018年版《北京统计年鉴》说明
与2017年版《北京统计年鉴》相比较,本年鉴在内容上主要做了如下调整:
(一)调整篇章结构
按国民经济行业分类,对部分篇章名称和顺序进行调整;根据统计表内容,对表名进行规范和统一,对表序进行调整。
(二)调整统计表内容
1.根据《北京城市总体规划(2016年—2035年)》,取消四大功能区分组,并按行政区划代码调整各区排序。
2.根据国家统计局统计方法制度变化,增减或调整了部分指标数据。包括:在《能源生产量》表中增加“水电”、“风电”、“光伏发电”等反映新能源情况的统计指标,在《规模以上工业企业主要指标》表中增加“主营业务成本”历史数据,在《规模以上工业企业主要经济效益指标》表中增加“收入利润率”、“每百元主营业务收入成本费用”指标;撤销了工业、投资、消费等领域相关指标的“按城乡分组”数据,撤消了《会展业活动情况》表中按展览面积分组。此外,对部分指标名称进行调整、规范,例如:将“营业税金及附加”改为“税金及附加”等。
3.根据北京市统计局部门统计制度变化,增减或调整了部分指标。包括:在《环境保护》表中增加PM_(2.5)指标及其历史数据,在《北京地区对外经济贸易》表中增加以人民币为单位的“进出口”及“出口”、“进口”分组历史数据;撤销了《查办贪污贿赂、渎职侵权按键情况》。同时,调整部分统计表,例如:将《水资源情况》中“全年供水量”和“全年用水量”分列,并相应调整分组;将《社会福利事业、社区情况》调整为《基层社会工作情况》,删除社会福利企业单位数相关指标,增加“基层组织中持有证书的专业社会工作者人数”。
(三)以精简实用为原则,优化统计表结构
1.增加部分统计指标数据。例如:在人民生活部分,增加了全市居民相关情况历史数据;在工业部分,增加了重点行业工业总产值以及主营业务成本历史数据,在《规模以上工业企业主要经济指标(按行业分)》中增加了行业门类数据。
2.撤销部分统计表或统计指标。例如:在人口与就业部分,撤销了户籍人口中涉及分区情况的相关统计表;在人民生活部分,撤销了主要商品购买数量及支出金额相关统计表;在工业部分,撤销了《规模以上工业增加值》历史数据表及相关内容,撤销了按隶属关系、登记注册类型等分组的国有控股企业、股份制工业企业、港澳台及外商投资工业企业及大中型工业企业主要经济指标统计表;在批发和零售业、住宿和餐饮业部分,撤销了《限额以上批发和零售业商品销售情况》;在科技部分,撤销了《公有经济企事业单位专业技术人员》。
3.调整部分统计表或统计指标。例如:对综合部分的《主要年份国民经济和社会发展总量与速度指标》、《主要年份国民经济和社会发展结构指标》、《国民经济和社会发展比例和效益指标》、《北京一日》中的指标顺序、内容进行优化调整;对人民生活、工业部分的表式内容进行优化整合;将《北京地区服务贸易情况》调整至对外经济贸易部分。
(四)修订文字说明,方便读者了解数据变化情况
一是修订各章节简要说明内容,将各章节反映的数据内容、数据来源、统计标准以及数据历史变化等情况全面呈现;二是增减章节后的主要指标解释内容,根据当年指标变化等情况对各章节指标解释进行统一的修订、调整;三是更新表下注释内容,准确反映当年数据口径内容调整变化情况。
Beijing Statistical Yearbook is a large statistical book published continuously on a chronological basis.With a great deal of statistical data,this Yearbook gives a true reflection of the economic and social development and changes in Beijing over the past year.It serves as an important reference book for domestic and foreign personnel in all circles tounderst and and know Beijing.
Ⅰ.Framework Structure
(Ⅰ)Overall Structure
The overall structure of Beijing Statistical Yearbook remains basically stable.In color pages,main tendency and changes about economic and social development of Beijing have been presented with both illustration and pictures;statistical tables are the main part of this Yearbook,mainly including 24 chapters,i.e.General Survey;National Accounts;Population and Employment;Price Index;People's Living Conditions;Government Finance and Tax Revenues;Energy,Resources and Environment;Public Utilities;Total Investment in Fixed Assets and Real Estate Development;Foreign Economic Relations and Trade;Agriculture and Rural Economy;Industry;Construction;Tertiary Industry;Transport,Post and Telecommunication Services;Wholesale and Retail Trade,Accommodation and Restaurants;Tourism;Finance;Science and Technology;Education;Health Care and Social Services;Culture and Sports;Public Management,Social Security and Social Organizations;and Development Zones,reflecting the economic and social development situation across the city through multiple fields and industries.
(Ⅱ) Structure of Chapters
Internal structure of chapters:Each chapter is composed of the Brief Introduction,Statistical Tables and Explanatory Notes to Main Statistical Indicators.Brief Introduction appears on the first page of each chapter,mainly introducing the main content,source of data,statistical scope,indicator standards,method of adjustment to historical data in each chapter;Explanatory Notes to Main Statistical Indicators come on the last page of each chapter,mainly giving a brief explanation to the main indicators and calculation method,etc.involved in the chapter;Statistical Tables are the core content of each chapter.
Arrangement of statistical tables:In each chapter,statistical tables are arranged for the purpose of reflecting the main conditions in the field.Generally speaking,main indicators historical data tables come before current year data tables.
Ⅱ.How to Use
(Ⅰ)Years
Conventionally,the year indicated in the title of the book is the year of publication.The latest data indicated in the statistical tables in this Yearbook are data in the previous years.For example,this book is titled 2018 Beijing Statistical Yearbook,which means it will be published in 2018 while the latest data in the book is by the end of 2017.
"Years" in the statistical tables are marked in three ways,each indicating a different meaning.Firstly,the statistical table is named "******(AAAA- BBBB)",which refers to that the data listed in the table are those from the year of AAAA to BBBB;Secondly,the statistical table contains no years,indicating that the data listed in the table are those of current year and last year;Thirdly,the statistical table is named "******(AAAA)",indicating that the data listed in the table are those of the year of AAAA.
(Ⅱ) Symbols
Symbols in statistical tables include:
#:means that the item is included in the total.Grouped indicators marked with "#" are part of the total,while those without "#" mean that sum of included items equals to the total.
‖:grouping symbol,means that there are multiple ways of grouping the indicators.
…:means that the figure is less than the minimum measurement unit of the table.
Blank:mean that the figure is unknown or unavailable.
***:means that the figure is not disclosed for secrecy reasons.
(Ⅲ) Explanations
Explanations include User Guide,Table of Contents,Brief Introduction,Explanatory Notes to Main Statistical Indicators and notes under the tables.User Guide appears before the Contents,giving an introduction to the overall framework of this Yearbook,and explaining the main adjustments;Brief Introduction appears on the first page of each chapter,giving an introduction to the chapter's main content,source of data,statistical scope,standards of indicators,adjustment method of historical data,etc.;Notes under the statistical tables make an explanation on standard of some indicators,method and scope,etc.
(Ⅳ) Data
In general cases,each chapter consists of two parts:historical data tables and current year data tables;the first tables in each chapter are the historical data tables of core indicators in the area or field,followed by the detailed grouping data tables for the current year.Generally speaking,historical data that are shown in the historical data tables can be used continuously;for some historical data that have been adjusted,please refer to the latest yearbook;When using the data,itis necessary to refer to the Brief Introduction and the explanations on the change in method system,standards and scope in the Notes under the statistical tables.Grouped data in the current year data tables mainly reflect the data in the area orfield of the current year as well as the comparison with the data of previous year;the standards and scope and calculation method for the corresponding indicators,and those greatly differ from the data of the previous year,shall be explained in the Notes under the statistical tables.
(Ⅴ) Electronic CD-ROM
Beijing Statistical Yearbook is provided with a CD-ROM,which contains Chinese and English versions of this Yearbook.The CD-ROM helps users in working with and processing the data.
(Ⅵ) The sum of some statistics or some relative numbers in this Yearbook might have certain calculationerrors because of the choice of different units of measurement.All the statistics have not undergone mechanical adjustment.
Ⅲ.About 2018 Beijing Statistical Yearbook
Compared with 2017 Beijing Statistical Yearbook,the following adjustments have been mainly made:
(Ⅰ) Adjustment of structure of chapters
The title and order of certain chapters have been adjusted in terms of the sector classification of national economy;the names of tables have been standardized and unified,and the order of the tables has been adjusted,according to the content of the statistical tables.
(Ⅱ) Adjustment of content in statistical tables
1.According to Beijing General Urban Planning(2016-2035),the grouping by four functional areas has been cancelled,and the order of each district has been adjusted by the administrative division code.
2.Some indicator data have been added,reduced or adjusted in accordance with the changes in the statistical method and system of the National Bureau of Statistics.Including:adding the "hydropower,wind power,photovoltaic power" and other statistical indicators reflecting the situation of new energy in the Energy Production;adding the historical data on "main business cost" in the Main Indicators for Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size;adding the "income-profit margin" and "cost expense of per 100 Yuan of main business income" indicators in the Main Indicators of Economic Benefits of Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size;the data "grouped by urban and rural regions" on relevant indicators in such field as Industry,Investment and Consumption,etc.have been cancelled;the data grouped by exhibition area in the Statistics for Mice Industry in Beijing have been cancelled.In addition,the names of certain indicators have been adjusted and standardized;for example,"business taxes and surcharges" have been changed into "taxes and surcharges",etc.
3.With reference to the changes in the sectorial statistical systems of Beijing Municipal Bureau of Statistics,some indicators have been added,reduced or adjusted.Including:adding PM_(2.5) indicator and its historical data in the Environmental Protection;adding historical data in Renminbi(RMB) grouped by "Total Value of Imports and Exports","Exports" and "Imports" in the Foreign Economic Relations and Trade;and the Statistics for Corruption,Bribery,Malpractice and Infringement Cases has been cancelled.Meanwhile,some statistical tables have been adjusted.For example,listing the "total volume of water supplied in the year" and the "total volume of water consumed in the year"separately in the Statistics for Water Resources,and adjusting the grouping correspondingly;adjusting the Statistics for Social Welfare and Community into Statistics for Grass root Social Work,the relevant indicators on the number of social welfare enterprises have been deleted,and indicators on "number of certified professional social workers in grassroot organizations" have been added.
(Ⅲ) Optimization of the structure of statistical tables on the principle of simplicity and practicality
1.Adding some statistical indicators data.For example,adding the historical data on relevant information about the households of the whole city in the People's Living Conditions part;adding the historical data on gross industrial output value of key industries and main business cost in the Industry part;adding the industry category data in the Main Indicators of Economic Benefits of Industrial Enterprises above Designated Size(by Sector).
2.Cancelling some statistical tables or statistical indicators.For example,in the Population and Employment part,the relevant statistical tables involving district in the Registered Population have been cancelled;in the People's Living Conditions part,the relevant statistical tables on purchase quantity and expenditure amount for main goods have been cancelled;in the Industry part,the historical data tables and relevant content in the Added Value of Industry above Designated Size have been cancelled;the statistical tables on main economic indicators of state-holding industrial enterprises,share-holding industrial enterprises,Hongkong,Macao,Taiwan and Foreign-invested industrial enterprises,and medium and large-sized industrial enterprises grouped by affiliations and by registration type,etc.have been cancelled;in the Wholesale and Retail Trade,Accommodation and Restaurants part,the Commodity Sales of Wholesale and Retail Enterprises above Designated Size has been cancelled;in the Science and Technology part,the Number of Professional Technical Personnel in Public Enterprises and Institutions has been cancelled.
3.Adjustment of some statistical tables or statistical indicators.For example,the indicators order and content in the Aggregate Indicators and Speed Indicators on National Economic and Social Development in Key Years,the Structural Indicators on National Economic and Social Development in Key Years,the Indicators on Proportions and Efficiency in National Economic and Social Development,and the A Day in Beijing,have been optimized and adjusted;the table content in the People's Living Conditions and in the Industry part have been optimized and integrated;the Statistics for Service Trade has been moved to the Foreign Economy and Trade part.
(Ⅳ) Revision of text description to make it easier for readers to understand the data changes.
Firstly,to revise the content of the brief introduction of each chapter,comprehensively reflecting the data content,data sources,statistical standards and the historical changes of data and so on;Secondly,to add or reduce content in the explanatory notes on main statistical indicators after each chapter;to make uniform revision or adjustment on the explanatory notes on indicators in each chapter according to the changes of indicators of that very year and so on;Thirdly,to update the content of notes under the tables,accurately reflecting the adjustments and changes of the data approach of that very year.